Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome, also known as PCOS, is the most common hormonal disorder in women, affecting 5-10% of the female population. PCOS symptoms usually begin in adolescence, but can appear at any time. It is called a “syndrome” because it presents as a variable group of symptoms. Common symptoms of PCOS include:
- Irregular menstrual cycles, caused by lack of ovulation
- Infrequent or heavy menstruation
- Insulin resistance
- Excessive hair growth
- Weight gain
Because PCOS is a syndrome and not a disease, the treatment is targeted at the most concerning symptoms. Lifestyle changes and treatments to prevent diseases associated with PCOS can also be implemented. Treatment options can include using a birth control pill to help regulate a woman’s menstrual cycle and help with other side effects such as excess hair growth or acne. Using Glucophage helps combat insulin resistance and balance sugar levels, particularly in obese patients.
To treat patients who are experiencing infertility due to PCOS, it is common to explore ovulation induction. Oral medications such as Clomid or Letrozole, or injectable medications, can be used with intrauterine insemination. IVF is also a successful option for patients experiencing PCOS.
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