Laparoscopy is an outpatient surgical procedure that allows a doctor to look inside the abdomen and pelvis. This is done through a minimally invasive technique, by placing a small telescope through the lower part of the belly button. Gas is infused into the abdomen to lift the abdominal wall up and away from the internal organs during the time of surgery. The laparoscope is attached to a video camera to project a picture of the surgery on a monitor. A laser is used to remove any unwanted tissue, if necessary.
Reasons for Laparoscopy
The most common use for a laparoscopy is for diagnostic purpose, as it allows the physician to obtain a clear view of internal organs, enabling the visual identification of abnormalities that may cause fertility challenges. Other uses for a laparoscopy include:
- Adhesions (Scar tissue)
- Uterine fibroids (Myomectomy)
- Assessment of the fallopian tubes patency
- Ectopic pregnancy
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